Calicut /Kozhikode is the anglicized form of Kalikut, the Arabic for the Malayalam, Kozhikode.From time immemorial the city attracted travellers with its charming physical features and prosperity. Even today the glory that was Calicut has not faded. The political history of Kozhikode is a story of treacherous and ill conceived conspiracies hatched by the Western powers.Vasco Da Gama landed at Kappad in May 1498, as the leader of a trade mission from Portugal and was recieved by the Zamorian himself.Kozhikode enthrals the visitors with lush green countrysides, serene beaches, historic sites, wildlife sanctuaries, rivers, hills, a unique culture and a warm, friendly ambience make Kozhikode a popular destination.
Till 1122 AD Kozhikode was under the administration of the Chera Kings, the Sangam age.It was during this period Kerala became a centre of trade and slowly there were networks getting formed with the outside world. Only around the 13th century the city of Calicut was formed with Udaiyavar, the king of Ernad, conquered the area around Ponniankar and built a fort at a place called Velapuram, now known as Calicut.The history of Kozhikode district as an administrative unit begins from January 1957.When the states of the Indian Union were reorganized on linguistic basis on 1st November 1956,the erstwhile Malabar district was separated from Madras state and added to the new anilingual state of Kerala.Once the capital of powerful zamorins and a prominent trade and commerce centre,Kozhikode was the most important town of Malabar in the days gone by.