INTRODUCTION : Chidambaram Temple Chidambaram which sprawls over an area of 5 sq. km, is a small town situated in the east central part of Tamil Nadu at a distance of 250kms away from the state capital, Chennai.Chidambaram literally means sky infused with an atmosphere of intelligence and wisdom derived from the words ‘Chit’ and ‘Ambaram’.It is a very famous pilgrim spot for the worshippers of Lord Shiva. Chidambaram is noted in the history especially for its renowned Dravidian style of temple architecture and the town was initially the northern frontier of the ancient Chola kingdom. The place is also known for its culture and tradition.
LOCATION:  Chidambaram extends 11.24°N and 79.44°E and is situated in the east-central part of Tamilnadu state of India.
HISTORY : Chidambaram is also popularly known by the name Thillai for in olden days it was more of a forest with a variety known as thillai which is a species of mangrove trees. History dates back to a small shrine on the bank of a tank where the two renowned saints Vyagrapada and Patanjali were worshipped. This place is now referred by the name Thirumoolanathar. The act of self-mortification of these two saints was accomplished, where Lord Shiva was very pleased and it is believed that on the day of Thai Poosam Lord Nataraja revealed himself by his cosmic dance. Later in this place a golden hall of dance was built by Jatavarman Sundra Pandya (AD 1251-1272) and was covered with gold plates.