INTRODUCTION : Coimbatore is the third largest city in Tamilnadu where the climate is comfortable throughout the year. There are more than 30,000 tiny small, medium and large scale industries and textile mills. The city is situated on the banks of the river Noyyal.The development of hydroelectricity from the Pykara falls in the 1930’s ed to cotton boom in Coimbatore.The result has been a strong economy and a reputation as one of the greatest industrial cities in South India.
ORIENTATION : Coimbatore is situated in the extreme west of Tamil Nadu, near the state of Kerala. It is surrounded by mountains on the west, with reserve forests and the (Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve) on the northern side. The eastern side of the district, including the city is predominantly dry. The entire western and northern part of the district borders the Western Ghats with the Nilgiri biosphere as well as the Anaimalai and Munnar ranges. A western pass to Kerala, popularly referred to as the Palghat Gap provides its boundary. Because of its close proximity to the Western Ghats, the district is rich in fauna..
HISTORY : Coimbatore existed even prior to the 2nd century AD as a small tribal village capital Kongunad untills it was brought under Chola control in the 2nd or 3rd century AD by Karikalan, the first of the early Cholas. When Kongunad fell to the British along with the rest of the state, its name was changed to Coimbatre and it is by this name it is known today, except in Tamil, in which it is called as Kovai.It is also known as “Manchester of South India” or the Cotton City.