INTRODUCTION : Dharamshala is a hill station with great variations in altitudes, temperature and character, making it a hot favourite for the tourists. Situated at a wonderful location, Dharamshala is a beautiful and a peaceful town, spread at a different levels and surrounded by forests and pine. Accessible from the broad gauge line at Pathankot, Dharamashala provides a range of interesting activities for the visitors with the lower end of the town acting as a busy commercial part of the city, while the upper suburbs with charming old world old world names like Forystheganj and Macleodganj are not too far below the snowline. The massive snow capped peaks of the Dhauladhars rise like a giant waves of a frozen ocean, providing the town with a breathtaking view.
Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan, started construction of the massive fort in 1638 and work was completed in 1648 (10 years). The layout of the Red Fort was organised to retain and integrate this site with the Salimgarh Fort. The fortress palace was an important focal point of the medieval city of Shahjahanabad. The planning and aesthetics of the Red Fort represent the zenith of Mughal creativity which prevailed during the reign of Emperor Shah Jahan. This Fort has had many developments added on after its construction by Emperor Shah Jahan. The significant phases of development were under Aurangzeb and later Mughal rulers. Important physical changes were carried out in the overall settings of the site after the Indian Mutiny in 1857. After Independence, the site experienced a few changes in terms of addition/alteration to the structures. During the British period the Fort was mainly used as a cantonment and even after Independence, a significant part of the Fort remained under the control of the Indian Army until the year 2003. The Red Fort is an attraction for tourists from around the world.
ORIENTATION : Dharamshala is situated at an altitude of about 4000 meters perched in the valleys of Kangra.
HISTORY :Dharamshala is also popularly referred as Little Lhasa after the Tibetan immigrants to this hill station. The word Dharamshala means, an inn attached to a temple. The history of Dharamshala talks both about by the heritage of both Hinduism and Buddhism. In the 8th century the place was occupied by the Tibetan immigrants which led to the coming up of many monastries here,buthowever it was soon overtaken by the Hindu temples.Dharamshala was totally under the control of the British in 1848 and during their period of reign they had this town as ther summer retreat.After the British it came under the control of the Kangra rulers whose glory was washed away along with the loss of the earthquake in 1905.It took time to slowly get back to normalcy, and it really gained prominence only after the arrival of Dalai from Tibet.