The main reason behind the establishment of the Gir National park is to preserve the Asiatic Lion with its little left population outside of Africa. The Gir National Park which sprawls over an area of about 1412.13 sq km was established on 18th September, 1965. It was initially the hunting grounds for the Nawab of Junagadh. But however later in the year 1966 the Government bodies defined an area of about 600 sq km bounded as the Gir forest area. This got extended upto 1412.13 sq km.In the year 1975 a core area of approximately 300 sq km was officially declared as a national park. The Gir National Park has a steep history which apart from the wildlife also has places of other attraction like Kankai Mata and Tulsishyam which are antique temples of places of pilgrimage with hot springs. The forest is famous for its cattle herders, the Madharis, whose buffaloes form a substantial part of the lions’ meals. There are lot of folklores and traditions associated with the Madharis for their coexistence with lions. But however over years their lifestyle has changed a bit. The Nalsarovar Lake and Sanctuary; the Rann of Kutch and the Flamingo Islands are also the other places of interests in the vicinity.
LOCATION The Gir National Park is situated in the Gujarat state along the south-west border of the Saurashtra Peninsula. It is flanked by three unique reserves namely the Nalsarovar Lake and Sanctuary; the Rann of Kutch and the Flamingo Islands.