The northern most part of India is occupied by the pristine beauty of the state of Jammu and Kashmir. This place is classified into three different climatic regions namely the Arctic cold desert areas of Ladakh, temperate of Kashmir valley and sub tropical region of Jammu. Jammu, the second largest city in the state is generally known as the Paradise on Earth and is also rich in its flora and fauna. The mountains of Jammu is densely is occupied with trees like deodar, pine and fir. At time of winters during excessive snowfall, the administrative capital is shifted from Srinagar to Jammu.
King,Suryavanshi Jambu Lochan laid the foundation for the establishment of this Paradise on Earth. It so happened that once when he was crossing Tawi, he was very much impressed by a sight of a deer and a tiger drinking water from the same tank. Then he was explained by a group of ministers that because of the features of excellency in that place there was no enimity.This immediately made Suryavanshi Jambu Lochan to build his capital city over here and he also named it as ‘Jambupura’ which overlooked his brother King Bahu’s fort. In 1730 AD it came under the rule of Dogra king, Raja Dhruv Deva after which Jammu became a centre of art and culture. Jammu is also referred as the city of temples for there are number of shrines with beautiful shikhars.
LOCATION : Jammu is the northernmost state of India and takes off majority of the Himalayan mountains. Jammu and Kashmir shares a border with the states of Himachal Pradesh and Punjab to the south and China to the north and east and the Pakistani administered territories of Azad Kashmir and Gilgit-Baltistan, to the west and northwest respectively.