Nalanda is located in the eastern Indian state of Bihar. Once a great seat of learning,Nalanda the world’s earliest university came into prominence in the 5th century and remained so until a thousand years ago when the Muslim invaders sacked it.Hiuen Tsang,the famous Chinese pilgrim traveler visited this great temple of earning in the 7th century and spent 12 years both as a student and a teacher. Even today the ruins of Nalanda lie 90kms south of Patna.An international centre for Buddhist Studies was set up in 1951.It derived its name from Na-alam-da, meaning Insatiable in Giving, one of the names by which the Lord Buddha was known.
HISTORY : Nalanda – History Nalanda has a very ancient history. Lord Vardhamana Mahavir and Lord Buddha frequently visited it in the 6th century BC.During his sojourns, the Lord Buddha found this place prosperous, teeming with population and containing mango groves. It is also supposed to be the birth place of Sariputra, one of the chief disciples of Lord Buddha. The University of Naanda was founded in the 5th century by the Gupta emperors. There were thousands of students and teachers. The courses of study included scriptures of Buddhism, Vedas, Hetu Vidhya, Shabda Vidhya; Chikitsa vidya Etc.The University received royal patronage of the great emperor Harshavardhana of Kannauj and also Pala Kings. It became a great centre of learning and students from countries were also attracted to this university.Hiuen Tsang received here the Indian name Mokshdeva.Nalanda acquired a celebrity spread all over the east as a centre of Buddhist theology and educational activities. Its importance as a monastic university continued until the end of the 12th century.
LOCATION : Nalanda lies in the state of Bihar at a distance of 62 km from Bodhgaya and towards east of Patna.