This capital of Bihar and a lineal descendant of the ancient metropolis of Patliputra are located on the confluence of Ganga and Sone rivers.Patna, a modern city, is steeped in legends and mythology. Modern Patna was believed to have been founded by the Afghan ruler Sher Shah Suri after he defeated the Mughal King Humayun.Today Patna is an important business centre of eastern India. More significantly, it is a gateway to the Buddhist and Jain pilgrim centers of Vaishali, Rajgir, Nalanda, Bodhgaya and Pawapuri.
LOCATION : Patna which is the capital of northern state of Bihar is located on the southern bank of the Ganges.
HISTORY:  Turning over the pages of early Indian history one comes across the name of the pre-eminent city of Patliputra.This city saw the rise and fall of India’s first major kingdoms. Its period of glory spanned a thousand years. This later became famous Maurayan metropolis of Patliputra and was ruled by Chandragupta Maurya and his grandson Ashok, acclaimed for the spread of Buddhism. Other emperors who ruled from Patliputra were the Gupta and Pala Kings,Shershah suri and it was ater only Aurangzeb,who reamned it Azeemabad.Vestiges of this ancient city can be seen at Kumhrar,Bhikhnapahari,Agamkuan,Buandi Bag etc.The name Patna is said to have been derived from Patan which happens to be the name of a Hindu Goddess Patan devi.