Abode of Lord Jagannath, literally Lord of the World, Puri is one of the four holiest places in India. Located on the shores of Bay of Bengal, it is one of the finest beaches in India. This pilgrimage town is also the home of artisans and craftsmen who produce a wide range of unique handicrafts. The reigning deity of the city, Lord Jagannath,whose temple was built way back in the 12 century is not only of great religious significance for the people of odisha but revered by thousands of pilgrims from all over the country. The important feature of Puri is its beautiful beaches which have offered both pleasures to pilgrims and swimmers for centuries. It is one of the most delightful beaches in the country and is becoming a pleasure haunt for tourists from all over the globe.
HISTORY : Puri during the times of ancient days was also referred by the Charitra.Puri was initially part of the Kalinga kingdom and was inhabited by a group of tribal people know as the Sabaras who belonged to the pre-Aryan and pre-Dravidian Austric linguistic group. It is also known as Purusottama Kshetra after the construction of the Purusottama Jagannath temple by Raja Ananta Varman Chodaganga Dev in 12th century. The presiding deity of this temple was Lord Purusottama.During this period the town also became an important centre for Vaisnavism.In 1558 odisha was conquered by the Afghan Nawab of Bengal, who was defeated by Raja Mansingh,a General of the Mughal King Akbar who brought odisha under the Mughal territory.Puri remained as odisha’s capital till it was captured by the British in 1803.The Raja of Khurda rebelled in 1804, and there was a peasant uprising in 1817-18.There was a major tragedy in 1866 because of the odisha famine which claimed many lives in Puri.
LOCATION : Puri is located on the eastern coast of odisha with the Bay of Bengal and the rice-growing alluvial plain on its east, Khurda district on its west, Sambalpur on its south and the state capital Bhubaneshwar on its northern side.