Founded by the Kalachuri King Ram Chandra of Ratanpur during the last quarter of the 14th century AD, Raipur is now the capital of the newly formed state of Chhattisgarh.Raipur is the biggest city in the region and a fast developing industrial center. At times it is also referred as the rice bowl of India.Raipur is supposed to be very fertile area and different varieties of rice are grown.
ORIENTATION Raipur is situated in the fertile plains of Chhattisgarh Region. It is situated between 22o 33′ N to 21o14’N Latitude and 82o 6′ to 81o38’E Longtitude. It occupies the south eastern part of the upper Mahanadi valley and the bordering hills in the south and the east.
HISTORY History dates back to Raipur being ruled by the Satawahana Kings during the 2nd and 3rd century and also very famous for its archeology. Earlier Raipur was part of Southern Kosal which was ruled by the Mauryan kingdom. It was also under the reign of Haihaya Kings who maintained the Chhattisgarh fort. Even now you can see the ruins of the fort in the southern part of the city. The period between 4th-6th century A.D.was ruled by the Samudragupta Kings. For some period in Fifth-Sixth Century A.D., Nala kings dominated this area followed by Kalchuri Kings of Tumman who had Ratanpur as their capital. It is believed that the King Ram Chandra of this dynasty established the city of Raipur and subsequently made it the capital of his kingdom. Once Raipur came under the British government Chhattisgarh was declared a separate Commissionery with its Headquarters at Raipur in 1854.