About 15kkms away from Nalanda South West of Patna lies Rajgir known as Rajgriha or Girvraja in the ancient sanskrit text.The first Buddhist council following the Mahaparinirvana of Buddha was held here at Sarparni cave.Rajgir is noted for its hot spring at the foot of Vaibhara hills.In legends, Rajgir has also been linked to happenings during the time of Mahabharata. Rajgir today, is a small town with remnants of an ancient kingdom and beautiful temples. The serene and picturesque location makes it an ideal holiday destination.
ORIENTATION Rajgir is situated at southeast of Patna in the state of Bihar.
HISTORY Rajgir was the birth place and centre for many religious activities which was in the period of 6th century BC was the capital of kingdom of Magadh.Early records shows that Rajgir was referred by various names like Vasumati, Barhdrathpura,Girivraja, Kusagrapura, and Rajgriha.History dates back to the great Hindu epics like Ramayana and Mahabharatha where the former says that the mythical king Vasu, a son of Lord Brahma, founded this town and named it Vasumati.The story of Mahabharatha tells that Jarasandha who was killed by Bhima in a duel, ruled over this area and his capital was at Barhdrathpura.Though there are no referrences found with the detail of the other alternate names of Rajgir,however the present name is believed to be derived from Rajgriha.Buddhism records says that Buddha was here for a long time propagating his principes and doctrines. Jainism is also knitted with Rajgir for it says that the last apostle, Mahavira, passed 14 rainy seasons in Rajgir and Nalanda and it was the birthplace of Muni Suvrata, a predecessor of Lord Mahavira and the center of the Ajivika sect.