Tiruchirapalli or Trichy, situated on the banks of river Cauvery, had been a Chola citadel since the Sangam Age. Though the Pandyas and the Pallavas held sway in this region for short periods; the greater part of the town and the historical Rock fort, rising abruptly from the plains to an altitude of 83mts,as they exist today were built by the Nayaks of Madurai.Trichy is also famous for the Ranganatha Temple at Srirangam,a picturesque island on the river Cauvery.Trichy is a blend of history and tradition, a pilgrim centre as well as a thriving commercial city.Trichy is the fourth largest city in the state.Trichy is noted for its famous Rockfort temple, churches and colleges belonging to the early christian era. HISTORY :  The name Tirucharapalli was derived after a three headed demon named Trisiras with whom Lord Shiva had a fight. According to history Trichy was initially under the reign of Early Cholas only to fall under the Pallavas and then the Pandyas respectively. But however during the 10th century the Cholas regained their power and once again Tiruchirappalli came under the rule of Cholas until the decline of the empire. It was then captured by the Vijayanagara Empire. But in 1565 the Vijayanagara empire came to an end and Trichy went under the rule of the Nayaks of Madurai and this was the period during which the city flourished and advanced in the pursuit of anything desirable. After the Nayaks Trichy was ruled by the Marathas, the Nawabs of Carnatic, the French and finally the British.Trichy are a mix of grandeur past and an applauding divinity of the Dravidian style temples. LOCATION Trichy is situated at a distance of 319 kilometers south of Chennai and 402 kilometers north of Kanyakumari on the national highway NH 45, it is located almost at the geographic centre of the state