Chittorgarh Fort is the largest fort in India and the grandest in the state of Rajasthan. Simply known as Chittor, it was the capital of Mewar and is today situated south of Bhilwara. The fort stands as an epitome of Rajput spirit, valour, pride and romance reverberating with heroism and tales of which are still sung by the Bards of Rajasthan.
The imposing and awe inspiring fort stands on a 240-hectares site, on 180m high hill that rises rapidly from the plains. The fort precinct with an evocative history is studded with a series of historical palaces, gates, temples and two prominent commemoration towers. These monumental ruins have inspired the imagination of tourists and writers for centuries. A kilometre long zigzag accented road leads through seven gates to the main gate Rampol (meaning Gate of Ram). According to a legend the construction of the fort was started by Bhim, a Pandav hero of mythological epic Mahabharata.
The fort fell thrice to the enemies in its entire history. Thousands of men faced the carnage and the women folk committed Jauhar (collective self immolation by fire) to save their honor. In 1568 Mughal Emperor Akbar conquered it. In 1616, Mughal Emperor Jehangir restored the fort to the Rajputs. Now, a new township sprawls below the hill on the west side.
The nearest airport is Udaipur 85 kms which is turn is connected by flights with Jaipur, Delhi and Mumbai. The road distance from Udaipur is 110 kms. Chittorgarh has a railway station and is connected by trains from major Indian cities.