The Dhamekh Stupa is the most remarkable and massive structure built at Sarnath. It is made partly in stone and partly in brick. The Stupa is a structure that is 28 meters in diameter at the base, and 43.6 meters in height. The stone facing the lower part of the Stupa is decorated with delicate floral carvings from the Gupta period. The Dhamekh Stupa has a particular significance at Sarnath, as it signifies the place where the Buddha delivered his first sermon. The present name Dhamekh proves that it certainly has some connection with Buddha’s Dharma. The Buddha came here to the Deer Park in 528 BC, to preach the Dhramachakra, or the Wheel of Law. It was his first sermon since gaining enlightenment. Sarnath was once amongst India’s greatest centers of learning, and was visited by Chinese travelers Fa-Hsien and Hiuen Tsang. They had written in their travel accounts about its flourishing monasteries and culture in glowing terms.